Sunday, 26 January 2020

Important Events of January – 27

Important Events of January – 27




Lewis Caroll Birthday

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was born on 27 January 1832. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.



His most famous writings are Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which includes the poem “Jabberwocky”, and the poem The Hunting of the Snark – all examples of the genre of literary nonsense.


Invention

Dodgson invented “The Wonderland Postage-Stamp Case” in 1889. This was a cloth-backed folder with twelve slots, two marked for inserting the most commonly used penny stamp, and one each for the other current denominations up to one shilling.

Another invention was a writing tablet called the nyctograph that allowed note-taking in the dark, thus eliminating the need to get out of bed and strike a light when one woke with an idea.

Memorials

He died of pneumonia following influenza on 14 January 1898 at his sisters’ home, “The Chestnuts”, in Guildford. He was two weeks away from turning 66 years old. His funeral was held at the nearby St Mary’s Church.

On Copenhagen Street in Islington is the Lewis Carroll Children’s Library. In 1982, his great-nephew unveiled a memorial stone to him in Poets’ Corner, Westminster Abbey.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

International Holocaust Remembrance Day, is an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War.

It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the death of an estimated 6 million Jewish people, 5 million Slavs, 3 million ethnic Poles, 200,000 Romani people, 250,000 mentally and physically disabled people, and 9,000 homosexual men by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau the largest Nazi concentration and death camp, was liberated by the Red Army.The Holocaust Remembrance Day is also a national event in the United Kingdom and in Italy.

Commemorations at the United Nations

In 2006, 2007 and 2008, Holocaust Remembrance Weeks were organized by The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme. This programme is part of the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information and was established under General Assembly resolution 60/7.
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