Thursday, 27 February 2020

Important Events of February – 27

Important Events of February – 27



This Day in History

Events
1560 – The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland.

1594 – Henry IV is crowned King of France.

1700 – The island of New Britain is discovered.

1801 – Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.

1844 – The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti.

1861 – Russian troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters.

1881 – First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.

1900 – Second Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronjé at the Battle of Paperboard.

1900 – The British Labour Party is founded.

1900 – Fußball-Club Bayern München is founded.

1933 – Reichstag fire: Germany’s parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire; Marinus van der Lubbe, a young Dutch Communist claims responsibility. The Nazis used the fire to solidify their power and eliminate the communists as political rivals.

1940 – Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.

1942 – World War II: During the Battle of the Java Sea, an Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies.



1951 – The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.

1976 – The formerly Spanish territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

1991 – Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that “Kuwait is liberated”.

2002 – Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire at London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair’s handling of the evacuation.

2002 – Godhra train burning: A Muslim mob torches a train returning from Ayodhya, killing 59 Hindu pilgrims.

2004 – A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines’ worst terrorist attack kills 116.

2004 – Shoko Asahara, the leader of the Japanese doomsday cult Aum Shinrikyo, is sentenced to death for masterminding the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack

2007 – The Chinese Correction: The Shanghai Stock Exchange falls 9%, the largest drop in ten years.

2010 – An earthquake measuring 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale strikes central parts of Chile leaving over 500 victims, and thousands injured. The quake triggered a tsunami which struck Hawaii shortly after.

World NGO Day

Births

272 – Constantine the Great, Roman emperor (Death – 337)

1912 – Kusumagraj, Indian author, poet, and playwright (Death – 1999)

1932 – Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress and humanitarian (Death – 2011)

1934 – Ralph Nader, American lawyer, politician, and activist

1944 – Graeme Pollock, South African cricketer and coach

1962 – Adam Baldwin, American actor

1975 – Aitor González, Spanish racing driver

1982 – Bruno Soares, Brazilian tennis player

1983 – Devin Harris, American basketball player

Deaths

1921 – Schofield Haigh, English cricketer and umpire (Birth – 1871)

1931 – Chandra Shekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Birth – 1906)

1936 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate(Birth –  1849)

2008 – Sujatha, writer (Birth -1935)

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