Sunday 26 January 2020

Important Events of January 26

Republic Day (India) – January 26

Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic.

26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominionstatus offered by British Regime

The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India; its unity in diversity and rich cultural heritage.

In 2018, on the occasion of the 69th Republic Day, the Protocol Department of the Government of Maharashtra held its first parade on the lines of the Delhi Republic Day parade along the entire stretch of Marine Drive in Mumbai.

Many people throughout India celebrate the nation’sRepublic Day, which is a gazetted holiday on January 26 each year. It is a day to remember when India’s constitution came into force on January 26, 1950, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic

1. January 26 was earlier celebrated as India’s Independence Day or Purna Swaraj Day, when the Declaration of Independence was officially promulgated in 1930.

2. However, in 1947, since August 15 became the official Independence Day, the Indian Constitution was adopted on this day in 1950, to mark the 1930 declaration.
3. The original constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.
4. The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946.
5. Dr BR Ambedkar, the then Chairman of the Constitution Committee – completed the first draft of India’s Constitution in about two years and 11 months. During this period, it held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days.
6. Among other influences, fundamental duties were taken from the Constitution of USSR, Directive Principles of State Policy was taken from Irelandconcepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity from the French Constitution, and fundamental rights were taken from the USA.
7. India has the longest written Constitution in the world with 448 articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments.’
8. There are two hand-written copies of the Constitution — in Hindi and in English which are kept in helium-filled cases in the Parliament’s library.
9. The calligraphy inside the book was done by Prem Behari Narain Raizda and published in Dehradun.
10. Indonesia’s President Sukarno was the first chief guest at the R-Day celebrations held on 26 January 1950.
11. On the same day, the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad took oath at Durbar Hall, New Delhi.
12. India adopted the Lion Head from the Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath, on Republic Day in 1950
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